Archive of ‘Health and Environment’ category

How to Prevent Diabetes

how to prevent diabetes
how to prevent diabetes
Image Credit: Everyday Health

There are over 1.5 million cases of Type 2 Diabetes in Nigeria yearly. Although there are different types of Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. It is also called hyperglycemia.

Diabetes is so common in our society that everyone knows someone that has Diabetes. People die of Diabetes and Hypertension complications all the time.

There are also instances where there is amputations because of diabetes. This is the reason why we have to make the right lifestyle choices and ensure that we stay healthy.

Pay Attention to Your Weight

Properly manage your weight. Excess body fat can lead to Type 2 Diabetes. Ensure that stomach doesn’t get bloated. Keep track of your weight, exercise as often as possible. Regular excersie helps reduce blood glucose sugar levels, improve blood pressure and burn cholesterol.

Balanced Diet

Always consume a balanced diet. Vegetables, fruits, high fiber foods. Ensure you drastically cut back on salt.

Avoid Junk

Ensure you always cook yourself. Avoid junk food at all costs.

Don’t smoke

Smoking reduces your susceptibility to diabetes and it also reduces your lifespan to cut back on smoking.

Avoid Alcohol

Yup, drinking too much can lead to weight gain and this is an express lane to diabetes.

Avoid high blood pressure

Diabetes and Hypertension are married so ensure that you always control your blood pressure.

Regular Check Up

I know we usually tend to take this for granted but see your doctor regularly.

Why Your Reproductive Sexual Health Matters

Image Credit: WEBMD

Your reproductive sexual health has a huge impact on your overall well-being. Keeping track of your reproductive sexual health is not just about procreation, it is also about preventing diseases that can harm you severely.

Our reproductive sexual health works like a clock that sets the body rhythm.

Don’t just keep track of your period, keep track of spikes in blood flow and any other unusual symptoms.

Visiting an gynecologist is not only for when pregnancy occurs. ( A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in the health of the female organs.) Women are often advised to visit a gynecologist annually for checkup and at any time they feel symptoms that concern them.

Here is a list of common symptoms of female reproductive health problems

Although there are numerous conditions that can affect the female reproductive system, such as cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, infertility, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and more.

Here are common symptoms of female reproductive and hormonal health problems include

  • Bleeding or spotting between periods
  • Itching, burning, or irritation (including bumps, blisters, or sores) of the vagina or genital area
  • Pain or discomfort during sex
  • Excessively heavy bleeding or severe pain with periods
  • Severe pelvic/abdominal pain
  • A change in vaginal discharge (amount, color or odor)
  • Feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen
  • Frequent urination or feeling of urgency to urinate
  • Lower back pain
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Known reproductive problems such as infertility, past miscarriages or early labor
  • Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes
  • Baldness or thinning hair
  • Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
  • Patches of thickened dark brown or black skin

If you experience any of the above symptoms, see your gyneacologist to determine the cause.

This Website is Helping African Americans Find Their African Roots


The Hate You Give is an American film that highlights the daily struggles of African Americans in the United States. For the first time in my life, I could connect with how difficult it is living in a society that is rigged against your skin colour.

As Africans living in Africa, skin colour is one aspect of our lives we often overlook. When we think about skin colour, we only think in terms of “how can I make it look more beautiful” not when the police pull you over, put your hands on the dashboard because you can be persecuted or killed for driving while black.

I can’t say I completely understand but I can empathize with African Americans. Living in a society where people make you feel less human because you are not white, no one deserves that.

I stumbled on African Ancestry, a website that helps African Americans find their African roots. I watched a Buzzfeed video where three young African Americans took a DNA test to determine their ancestry.

It was really funny because these are things I have never had to question in my life. I am Nigerian, my ancestors were Nigerian, I don’t have to wonder how or who am I.

African Ancestry pioneered African lineage matching in the United States utilizing its proprietary DNA-database to more accurately assess present-day countries of origin for people of African descent.

These DNA tests have impacted the lives of more than 100,000 African Americans including global leaders such as Oprah Winfrey, Isaiah Washington, John Legend and Spike Lee.

African Ancestry has a couple of high profile partners and high profile reveal. Imagine my astonishment when I saw Chadwick Bosman’s name and Nigeria listed as part of his ancestry.

You know that feeling you get when you are watching an American movie and you see African American actors who look like people you know and you are like, this one can pass for an Igbo man or this one can pass for a Yoruba man or a Ghanaian.

Well that feeling is real, African American really came from Africa and I kid you not, you share the same ancestors with some of them.

The world is a very funny place.

How to properly dispose Sanitary Pads


Disposing sanitary pads can be very tricky especially in a society where there are ritual speculations and suspicious possession and use of items women use. As young women, we need to know how to carefully dispose our pads so that we can protect ourselves. You can’t also ignore the effect good sanitary pad disposal has on your hygiene.

Here is how to properly dispose your sanitary pads.

The first method is one I got from a Nairaland post.

Method 1

Yinx007 wrote “I put mine under running water while having my bath so the water washes all d blood away till its clean, then I squeeze, wrap in the initial wrapper then into an old newspaper, tie in a black nylon and throw in d bin like normal refuse. No odour, no stickiness, no dirt.”

Method 2

Another method of disposing your sanitary pads is Throwing it in the Cesspool. 

This can only work if your cesspool is constructed in a way that it can be easily opened. While this is not advisable if you live with other tenants and the house has a small cesspool, over time, it can lead to some serious sewage problems.

Method 3

Wrap a tissue paper round that pad and properly trash it. You just have to ensure that your trashcan is far away from pets and you are using a good waste disposal service.

Method 4

Use non disposable sanitary pads or menstrual cup, this will eliminate the need to always worry about how to dispose your sanitary pads monthly.

Disposing sanitary pads can be very tricky. You just have to find a safe way that works for your in your environment. If you have any tricks for properly disposing sanitary pads under your sleeves, please share.

We Can’t Legitimise Transactional Sex


All relationships involve some form of transaction. The transaction can involve gifts or other things. However the explicit distinction of transactional sex is sex exchanged for money or any other material gifts. There is a definite motivation to benefit something for the exchange of sex outside the confines of marital commitments.

In Sub Saharan Africa, transnational sex is usually is born out of poverty and a desire for a better life. In a society where women are conditioned to think that a man must take responsibility for them one way or the other, transactional sex is reinforced by a society that draws women back.

A few weeks ago, a group of woman started Market March to protest the sexual harassment of women in markets. When the women walked down Yaba Market protesting this harsh reality, the main progenitors of the crime only laughed and increased their ire.

Women cannot safely walk on the road without having men stare them down. Young girls often realise their ability to sway and use their bodies early in life.

Transactional sex is an epidemic that cannot be avoided, whatever the motivation, we have to teach our girls that they can achieve a better life without selling their bodies in any way.

Falz made a statement, he released an album titled moral instruction. People from every corner wanted his head because he dared to speak the truth.

Twitter Feminists and activists started defending transactional sex by saying a woman is free to do whatever she wants with her body including selling it for sex.

Transactional sex is a form of sex work. It is a vehicle of migration is some parts of Africa. Increase in HIV/AIDs is one of the risks of transactional sex.

Economic empowerment of the girl child can help reduce the tendency towards transactional sex.

We cannot sit back and legitimise transactional sex. We have to teach our girls to dream and work hard. If they combine hardwork and motivation, their success is limitless.

Ondo Govt approves N300m for care of pregnant women, physically challenged


The Ondo State Commissioner for Health, Dr Wahaab Adegbenro says the state government has approved N300m for intensive care of pregnant women and physically challenged persons in the state.

Adegbenro made this known on Tuesday when he inaugurated the November 2018 Maternal, Newborn and Child Health week in Akure.

According to him, the funds approved by Gov. Oluwarotimi Akeredolu will go a long way in taking care of vulnerable people in various public hospitals.

The commissioner lauded the present administration for the establishment of five additional mother and child hospitals across the three senatorial districts of the state for better healthcare delivery.

On the MNCH week, Adegbenro said it was a bi-annual activity to provide a strategic window for cheaper health interventions.

Also, wife of the governor, Mrs Betty Akeredolu, said that public enlightenment, community mobilisation and mass administration of drugs were effective tools of delivering qualitative health services.

She said activities of the week would include Vitamin A supplementation, screening for malnutrition for children of six to 59 months; routine immunisation and tetanus toxoid vaccine for pregnant women.

Others include promotion of hand washing, exclusive breast feeding, birth registration of 0-18yrs, administration of ferrous sulphate for pregnant women and HIV counselling and testing.

Mrs Akeredolu appealed to pregnant women and mothers to be available at any of the 586 primary health facilities spread across the state between Nov. 25 and 29.

She said that teams of health workers would also visit schools and aged persons to administer services that were age-appropriate.

“In line with our Olori Connection Initiative, it is my conviction that the `Oloris’ (wives of traditional rulers) are important vessels for conveying the objectives of MNCHW to mothers in all our communities across the state.

“It gladdens my heart to know that social mobilisation activities conducted in various LGAs prior to the commencement of this programme include visits to traditional rulers and their Oloris,’’ she said. (NAN)

Ending Gender Based Violence Against Women and Girls Starts With You


Domestic Violence is all around us, we all know someone who is a victim. It could be your neighbour, friend, your distant relative or close family relations. No matter how hard we pretend to not know about it, it is just around the corner.

Starting from 25 November to 10 December, UNiTE to End Violence against Women is running a campaign tagged 16 Days of Activism to End Gender Based Violence. Women across the world are encouraged to wear orange in order to raise awareness for Domestic Violence.

One in three women and girls around the world experience physical or sexual violence in their lifetime.

In Africa, gender based violence is not just a physical act, it has a deeply ingrained cultural backing that represses women. In this day and age, some women still mistake domestic violence for acts of love.

Culturally, the moment an African man pays the bride price of a woman, there is always a confused sense of complete ownership of the woman and this concept deludes the man into thinking that he can do as he pleases with the woman.

I read a story about a woman who has to submit her mobile phone to her husband at the end of each day for inspection while kneeling. Unfortunately, if she has had a male caller during the day, her husband will throw in some slaps without asking for an explanation. This occurs each and every single day.

There are many young people in abusive relationships with their intimate partners. I had a classmate who married a very abusive partner because she felt after dating him for eight years, there was no point in leaving.

In the last couple of years, husbands killing wives and wives killing husbands have become very prevalent in Nigeria. There is an 11% prevalence rate of physical and/or sexual Intimate partner violence in the last 12 months.

According to CLEEN Foundation report, women often face physical violence at the hands of their family members. The most common forms of physical violence include rape, murder, slapping, and kicking.

Some of the reasons that were given for physical abuse include their husbands being drunk, financial issues, and the rejection of a partner’s sexual advances.

In some cultures, it is acceptable for a man to chastise his wife as a sign of love. Many women stay in abusive relationships and marriages because they cannot even tell their own family members what they are actually going through.

Ending gender based violence starts with you. Raise awareness, tell your friends, your colleagues, your church members, your religious and social society members about the scourge of gender based violence.

Help other women speak up by sharing your survivor stories. Listen and counsel other women. Point victims to counsellors who can help them.

Report Domestic Violence issues in your community to appropriate agencies. Don’t look the other way and say it is none of my business.

If you are a victim, know that you are not alone, together we will defeat the scourge by leaving no one behind.

Agencies and NGOs

Domestic and Sexual Violence Response Team


Mirabel Center

Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Ikeja, Lagos
Managed by Partnership for Justice
Tel: 08155770000, 07013491769, 08187243468, 01-2957816,,

Women’s Rights Advancement and Protection Alternative

19, Monrovia Street,
Off Aminu Kano Way,
Wuse II Abuja
Ph:08188699961, 08172125692, 07063807887,




Group partners Jigawa Govt to train women on food processing skills


Jigawa Government has partnered with “Save the Children’’ a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) to train rural women on how to grow and process food crops with nutritional values for their children.

The Food and Nutrition Programme’s Focal Person in Guri, Mallam Mohammad Garba, disclosed this to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Monday.

He said that the beneficiaries who were 33 in number were drawn from Adiyani and Guri Local Government Areas of the state.

He added that the selected women were trained in planting of maize, moringa seeds, groundnuts and sweet potato for maximum yields at Adiyani Hospital Farm Centre.

He said that “Save the Children has been providing food supplements to malnourished children in Guri, Birnin-Kudu and Gwiwa areas.

“ The NGO later decided to expand the programme to include providing seeds to women for the cultivation of food crops, especially sweet potato which is rich in vitamin A.

“When the crops became ready for consumption, we recently organised food demonstration to teach the women how best to prepare nutritious foods with the items for their children.

“The facilitators taught the women how to make porridge with potato and moringa leaves and prepare pap with maize and groundnuts.

“It is expected that beneficiaries of the training will also teach others what they learned so that together they will tackle the problem of malnutrition.’’

Garba said that parents of children with acute malnutrition must ensure that they regularly give them the food supplements to prevent measure against severe malnutrition.

“The Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) tape is used to assess the nutritional status in children between the ages of six and 59 months.

“The yellow colour on the tape indicates acute malnutrition, the red colour indicates severe malnutrition, while the green colour shows normal condition,” he said. (NAN)

Polio: Wife of Kaura Local Government Chairman applauds women


The Wife of the Chairman, Caretaker Committee, Kaura Local Government, Mrs Mariam Katuka, has commended people of the area for the support they accord polio immunisation programmes.

Katuka, made the commendation on Monday at Tachira, while flagging off this year’s fifth round of polio immunisation exercise, said the support from the people was overwhelming in view of successes recorded so far.

She noted with satisfaction that Kaura LG was leading in the polio immunisation exercise in terms of performance and appealed to stakeholders to sustain the good spirit to secure the health of children in the area.

In an address, the Chairman, Social Mobilisation Officer and the Agwam Takad, Mr Tobias Nkom Wada, drew the attention of staff administering the vaccine to the need to be resolute in their efforts to achieve success in the polio immunisation exercise.

Earlier, the Director, Primary Health Care of the Local Government Area, Mrs Rahap Kurmi, urged parents to rise to the responsibility of ensuring that their children remained healthy at all times by making sure they receive all vaccines.

Kurmi called on them to ensure that they adequately patronise Kaura Local Government health facilities as the facilities were built for their use. (NAN)

Kaduna community where women shun getting pregnant cry for help


Women of Kurmin Ajah, a community of 3,000 people in Kachia local government area of Kaduna state said pregnant women in the area are dying due to absence of health center and access road.

They women told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Friday that the nearest health facility is located 50 kilometres away from the village.

They said the situation is worse during rainy season as the only bridge linking the community to the rest of the world has been washed away.

Esther Mathew, a 32-year-old mother of five who lost three pregnancies, said most women now avoid getting pregnant during rainy season to avoid death and other complications requiring urgent medical attention.

“Every year in the community we lose an average of five to six women during pregnancy and delivery due to absence of health center.

“We do not attend antenatal because of the poor state of the road coupled with the distance .

“Our only option is to seek the services of the readily available traditional birth attendants which are cheap and accessible.

“Sometimes pregnant women in this community experience bleeding, swollen face and legs and prolonged labor, and in some cases, these lead to deaths, and our traditional birth attendants cannot do anything.

“After suffering two stillbirths and three miscarriages , I later through God’s grace gave birth safely to a baby boy, who is now 12 years old,” the woman said.

She added that the women were also constrained to go for antenatal because of financial difficulties as they have to pay for hospital bills and transportation.

Another respondent, Queen Samson said most of expectant mothers could not afford to buy sanitary items necessary for the delivery like towels, disinfectants, soaps, sanitary pads and many more required while delivering in hospital, as such they just remain at home to be attended to by local traditional birth attendants.

The only traditional birth attendant in the community, Theresa Emmanuel said when complications arise during delivery, the women were mostly left they to their fate.

“We do not have even a health post here for women to access health care as I am the only one taking delivery based on experience.

” I have never received training from government but doing the work out of experience gained from my mother.

“During pregnancy or childbirth, I give the women herbs for easy delivery.”

NAN reports that Kurmin Ajah, is a farming community surrounded by water from Gurara Falls.

The closest primary health care facility is in Katari along Kaduna -Abuja road, over 50km to the community, and residents spend up to N1, 500 to get there using motor bikes, donkeys and carts pulled by cows.

Also speaking, the head of the community, Adamu Maiwayo, said the people there require urgent support especially from government.

” This community is surrounded by water from the East, West, North and South and the only place we manage to have road is through the east where we constructed a wooden bridge that we pass through, but during rainy season we are totally cut off from going out.

” We are facing a lot of challenges in this community especially women who go through pains during delivery because of lack of hospital.

” This year alone we lost six women through childbirth, my wife inclusive because the pregnancy came with complications and our traditional birth attendant could not handle the situation.

” When a woman is in labour, the community is affected until she gives birth safely. This is because only the traditional birth attendant helps and when there’s complications and we can’t go to the hospital, we only depend on our faith.

” We encourage our women to go for antenatal but they don’t go due to distance and when they attend once, they don’t go again because you can imagine the pains a pregnant woman go through, and trekking for hours to Katari can also affect her health.

” This community has been abandoned for a long time by government; even the only school we built through community effort, as I am talking to you now, has no teacher to teach our children.

” The students only go there to play during rainy season. We have volunteers who come from another village to teach them but during rainy season they don’t come.

“Inadequate social infrastructure is not just an inconvenience for residents, but has significant long-term consequences, and associated costs, for communities.

” This is one of the major factors that deter women from accessing maternal
healthcare services because after such long journey, one may even develop health problems due to stress.

” Even if our women do attempt to get to hospital for
treatment, they may arrive too late for their lives to be saved because of poor road and lack of transportation.”

A Gynaecologist, Dr Yusuf Sule said the healthcare system in the country, needs to be particularly thoughtful about how it mitigates peril for pregnant women in remote areas.

“Rural women can perhaps reduce their health risk by moving temporarily to the city before their due dates, but uprooting the women from their families and communities as they prepare to give birth can be risky in a different way,” he noted.

He said in order for rural residents to have sufficient healthcare access, necessary and appropriate services must be available and obtainable in a timely manner.

“Even when an adequate supply of healthcare services exist in the community, there are other factors to consider in terms of healthcare access.

“For instance, to have good healthcare access, a rural resident must also have
financial means to pay for services, such as health insurance coverage, the means to reach and use services such as transportation, and the ability to take paid time off work to access such services”

The Kaduna State Commissioner for Health, Dr Paul Dogo said government is refocussing the healthcare system to ensure wider access.

Dogo said that the state primary healthcare development agency had concluded arrangement to recruit 3,059 health workers to meet minimum service delivery gaps in the state.

According to him, the major health policy thrust of the government is the revitalization of primary health centers to meet minimum standards that would enhance service delivery.

“We have made tremendous progress in the implementation of primary health care under one roof and the designation of one model primary health care center per political ward.

“We have employed 23 medical personnel who have been deployed to all the LGAs, to equally ensure efficient service delivery to the people.” (NAN)

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