World over, women in leadership is still small compared to men. Although women make half of the world population, women leaders are still scrambling for attention and election in a male dominated society.
There are only 20 women holding the office of Head of State or Head of Government, which represents only 6,3% of the total number of international leaders. Only United Kingdom and New Zealand combine two women as head of state and head of government.
Here is a list of female leaders from all over the world.
Heads of State
Mauritius – Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, president since 2015 and the first woman to hold the office
Nepal – Bidhya Devi Bhandari, president of Nepal since 2015 and the first woman to hold the office, former Minister of Defence
The Marshall Islands – Hilda Heine, president since 2016 and the first woman to hold the office; previously she served as the Minister of Education and the first person in the Marshall Islands to earn a doctorate degree.
Croatia – Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, president since 2015, former Croatian Ambassador to the UN and former Minister of Foreign and European Affairs.
Danemark – Margrethe II, Queen since 1972
Estonia – Kersti Kaljulaid, president since 2016, the first woman to hold the office and the youngest president of Estonia
Lithuania – Dalia Grybauskaite, president since 2009, first woman to hold the office and the first President of Lithuania to be re-elected; former European Commissioner for Financial Programming and the Budget and for Education and Culture.
Malta – Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca, president since 2014, former minister for the Family and Social Solidarity.
United Kingdom– Queen Elizabeth II, queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms since 1952, the longest currently reigning monarch and head of state
Chile – Michelle Bachelet, president since 2014, former Executive Director of UN Women; the first president since 1932 to win twice in the presidential elections.
Heads of governments
Currently 10 women are prime ministers (against 7 in 2017). These represents 7,3% of the total number of 137 chiefs of governments.
Namibia – Saara Kuugongelwa, prime minister since 2015, former Minister of Finance
Bangladesh – Sheikh Hasina Wajed, prime minister since 2009 (third term).
Myanmar – Aung San Suu Kyi, State counsellor since 2016 (the position corresponding to that of the prime minister), recipient of the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize
New Zealand – Jacinda Ardern, prime minister since 2017 and the leader of the Labour Party. She is the youngest prime minister in the world (37 y.o. when she took the office)
Germany – Angela Merkel, Chancellor since 2005 and leader of Christian Democratic Union, former minister for the Environment and for Women and Youth
.Iceland – Katrín Jakobsdóttir, prime minister since 2017 and former minister of Education, Science and Culture and of Nordic Co-operation
Norway – Erna Solberg, prime minister since 2013 and leader of the Conservative Party, former Minister of Local Government and Regional Development
Serbia – Ana Brnabic, prime minister since 2017, former Minister of Public Administration and Local Self-Government of Serbia, first woman and first openly gay person to hold the office
United Kingdom – Theresa May, prime minister since 2016 and leader of the Conservative Party, former Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equalities
Peru – Mercedes Aráoz, prime minister and second vice president since 2017, former minister of Foreign Trade and Tourism and minister of Finance.