Archive of ‘Politics and Commentary’ category

Here is how to spot fake news


One of the downsides of social media is the spread of fake news. From Twitter to WhatsApp to Facebook to Instagram to Nairaland, everyone is peddling fake news and  different versions of it.

Few days ago, Premium Times, a major newspaper organisation in the country reportedly fired a news reporter for misquoting a representative of the Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria on the mayhem in Plateau State.

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in a recent report claimed that “fake pictures circulating on social media which users are falsely claiming depict inter-communal violence are inflaming already high tensions in Nigeria.”

The report analysed the images used to depict the Plateau state killings, apparently one of the images had first appeared on the internet in 2011 in a story about domestic violence in Nigeria.

Fake news are stories that seemed accurate, but were actually downright false.

Fake news is written and published with the intent to mislead in order to damage an agency, entity, or person, and/or gain financially or politically, often using sensationalist, dishonest, or outright fabricated headlines to increase readership, online sharing, and Internet click revenue.

Public discourse takes place daily on social media and information which forms people’s opinions is keenly shared and reshared via social media.

This is the main reason why it is important for you to be able to spot fake news from the distance.

Here is how to spot fake news

Verify credibility of the publisher

Just because a website is popular among your peers, that does not mean that the website is accurate. Most fake news sources always appear credible, ensure that every account you share information from has a level of crediblity attached to them. Usually, one would say trust the verification blue tick provided by Twitter, Instagram and Facebook, but even illegitimate accounts sometimes have verified tick.

Just ensure that you only share news from sources you can trust.

Tools for verifying the authenticity of a post

Google Search, Bing and Tin Eye offer a reverse image search. You can search via images, this will give you instances of where the image has been used before.

InVID is also a knowledge verification platform to detect emerging stories and assess the reliability of newsworthy video files and content spread via social media.

Check Sources

A quick copy and paste of the headline will tell you whether the information is available on other reputable websites. You should also check sources used in the story, are they verifiable sources. Is the story balanced. You have to ensure that stories are balanced. if a story is not balanced, be wary. Balance is one of the tenets of journalism, a news story is not complete until there is an element of balance in the composition. Both sides of the story must be included in the conversation.








Meet Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, Croatia’s first female president


After Nigeria’s defeat during our first match against Croatia in the World Cup, I decided to dig a little deeper into the country and learn more about them.

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović  is the first woman to be elected president. She has been the President of Croatia since 2015. She is also became the youngest person to enter the office when she was elected at the age of 46.

Before her election as president, Grabar-Kitarović held a number of governmental and diplomatic positions.

Grabar-Kitarović contested the presidential election held in December 2014 and January 2015 as the only female candidate out of four candidates in total.

She finished as the runner-up in the first round and thereafter proceeding to narrowly defeat incumbent President Ivo Josipović in the second round.

Kolinda Grabar was born on 29 April 1968 in Rijeka, Croatia, her family owned a butcher shop and a ranch.

She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English and Spanish languages and literature. In 2000 she obtained a master’s degree in international relations from the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Zagreb.

In 2002–2003 she attended George Washington University as a Fulbright scholar.

In December 2015, Grabar-Kitarović began her doctoral studies in international relations on the Zagreb Faculty of Political Science.

Grabar-Kitarović  considers that the prohibition of abortion would not solve anything, and stresses that attention should be paid to education in order to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Grabar-Kitarović said “the whole system has to be reformed so that through education and social measures it enables every woman to give birth to a child, and that mother and the child can eventually be taken care of in an appropriate manner.”

Grabar-Kitarović has been married to Jakov Kitarović since 1996 and they have two children.

Why Buhari made June 12 Democracy Day

Buhari and June12

In this single tweet, President Mohammadu Buhari explained why he decided to change Democracy Day to June 12.

He said “June 12, 1993 was the day millions of Nigerians expressed their Democratic will in the freest, fairest & most peaceful elections since our Independence. That the outcome of that election was not upheld by the then military Govt does not detract from its democratic credentials.”

June 12 will always go down in history as the only day Nigerians put aside their ethnic or religious affiliations to vote in a credible and free elections for the leaders of their choice.

While reacting to the news, former Minister of Education, Dr. Oby Ezekwesili said

Why Nigeria cannot grow without her women



Former President Olusegun Obasanjo in his recent public statement reiterated the importance of women in the political fabric of Nigeria. In a 3,553 word explosive, the President decribed a movement that priorotised the political participation of Nigerian youth and women.

He wrote “This Coalition for Nigeria will be a Movement that will drive Nigeria up and forward.  It must have a pride of place for all Nigerians, particularly for our youth and our women.”

The coalition which he described as the coalition of the concerned and the willing – ready for positive and drastic change, progress and involvement, must work out the path of development and the trajectory of development in speed, quality and equality in the short- medium- and long-term for Nigeria on the basis of sustainability, stability, predictability, credibility, security, cooperation and prosperity with diminishing inequality.

From local to the global level, women’s leadership and political participation are restricted. Women are generally underrepresented as voters, as well as in leading positions, whether in elected office, the civil service, the private sector or academia.

This usually occurs despite their proven abilities as leaders and agents of change, and their right to participate equally in democratic governance.

The 2011 UN General Assembly resolution on women’s political participation notes, “Women in every part of the world continue to be largely marginalized from the political sphere, often as a result of discriminatory laws, practices, attitudes and gender stereotypes, low levels of education, lack of access to health care and the disproportionate effect of poverty on women.”

Women active participation in policies lead to better legislation and more inclusive policies that emcompasses all verticals in the society.

Read Obasanjo’s press release below


Special Press Statement By President Olusegun Obasanjo       

Since we are still in the month of January, it is appropriate to wish all Nigerians Happy 2018.  I am constrained to issue this special statement at this time considering the situation of the country.  Some of you may be asking, “What has brought about this special occasion of Obasanjo issuing a Special Statement?” You will be right to ask such a question.  But there is a Yoruba saying that ‘when lice abound in your clothes, your fingernails will never be dried of blood’.  When I was in the village, to make sure that lice die, you put them between two fingernails and press hard to ensure they die and they always leave blood stains on the fingernails.  To ensure you do not have blood on your fingernails, you have to ensure that lice are not harboured anywhere within your vicinity.

The lice of poor performance in government – poverty, insecurity, poor economic management, nepotism, gross dereliction of duty, condonation of misdeed – if not outright encouragement of it, lack of progress and hope for the future, lack of national cohesion and poor management of internal political dynamics and widening inequality – are very much with us today. With such lice of general and specific poor performance and crying poverty with us, our fingers will not be dry of ‘blood’.

Four years ago when my PDP card was torn, I made it abundantly clear that I quit partisan politics for aye but my concern and interest in Nigeria, Africa and indeed in humanity would not wane.  Ever since, I have adhered strictly to that position.  Since that time, I have devoted quality time to the issue of zero hunger as contained in Goal No. 2 of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN.  We have set the target that Nigeria with the participating States in the Zero Hunger Forum should reach Zero Hunger goal by 2025 – five years earlier than the UN target date.  I am involved in the issue of education in some States and generally in the issue of youth empowerment and employment.  I am involved in all these domestically and altruistically to give hope and future to the seemingly hopeless and those in despair.  I believe strongly that God has endowed Nigeria so adequately that no Nigerian should be either in want or in despair.

I believe in team work and collaborative efforts.  At the international level, we have worked with other world leaders to domicile the apparatus for monitoring and encouraging socio-economic progress in Africa in our Presidential Library. The purpose of Africa Progress Group,which is the new name assumed by Africa Progress Panel (APP),is to point out where, when and what works need to be done for the progress of Africa separately and collectively by African leaders and their development partners. I have also gladly accepted the invitation of the UN Secretary-General to be a member of his eighteen-member High-Level Board of Advisers on Mediation.  There are other assignments I take up in other fora for Africa and for the international community.  For Africa to move forward, Nigeria must be one of the anchor countries, if not the leading anchor country.  It means that Nigeria must be good at home to be good outside.  No doubt, our situation in the last decade or so had shown that we are not good enough at home; hence we are invariably absent at the table that we should be abroad.

All these led me to take the unusual step of going against my own political Party, PDP, in the last general election to support the opposite side.  I saw that action as the best option for Nigeria.  As it has been revealed in the last three years or so, that decision and the subsequent collective decision of Nigerians to vote for a change was the right decision for the nation.  For me, there was nothing personal, it was all in the best interest of Nigeria and, indeed, in the best interest of Africa and humanity at large.  Even the horse rider then, with whom I maintain very cordial, happy and social relationship today has come to realise his mistakes and regretted it publicly and I admire his courage and forthrightness in this regard.  He has a role to play on the sideline for the good of Nigeria, Africa and humanity and I will see him as a partner in playing such a role nationally and internationally, but not as a horse rider in Nigeria again.

The situation that made Nigerians to vote massively to get my brother Jonathan off the horse is playing itself out again.  First, I thought I knew the point where President Buhari is weak and I spoke and wrote about it even before Nigerians voted for him and I also did vote for him because at that time it was a matter of “any option but Jonathan” (aobj).  But my letter to President Jonathan titled: “Before It Is Too Late” was meant for him to act before it was too late.  He ignored it and it was too late for him and those who goaded him into ignoring the voice of caution.  I know that praise-singers and hired attackers may be raised up against me for verbal or even physical attack but if I can withstand undeserved imprisonment and was ready to shed my blood by standing for Nigeria, I will consider no sacrifice too great to make for the good of Nigeria at any time. No human leader is expected to be personally strong or self-sufficient in all aspects of governance.

I knew President Buhari before he became President and said that he is weak in the knowledge and understanding of the economy but I thought that he could make use of good Nigerians in that area that could help.  Although, I know that you cannot give what you don’t have and that economy does not obey military order.  You have to give it what it takes in the short-, medium- and long-term.  Then, it would move. I know his weakness in understanding and playing in the foreign affairs sector and again, there are many Nigerians that could be used in that area as well. They have knowledge and experience that could be deployed for the good of Nigeria.  There were serious allegations of round-tripping against some inner caucus of the Presidency which would seem to have been condoned.  I wonder if such actions do not amount to corruption and financial crime, then what is it?  Culture of condonation and turning blind eye will cover up rather than clean up.  And going to justice must be with clean hands.

I thought President Buhari would fight corruption and insurgency and he must be given some credit for his achievement so far in these two areas although it is not yet uhuru!

The herdsmen/crop farmers issue is being wittingly or unwittingly allowed to turn sour and messy.  It is no credit to the Federal Government that the herdsmen rampage continues with careless abandon and without finding an effective solution to it. And it is a sad symptom of insensitivity and callousness that some Governors, a day after 73 victims were being buried in a mass grave in Benue State without condolence, were jubilantly endorsing President Buhari for a second term! The timing was most unfortunate. The issue of herdsmen/crop farmers dichotomy should not be left on the political platform of blame game; the Federal Government must take the lead in bringing about solution that protects life and properties of herdsmen and crop farmers alike and for them to live amicably in the same community.

But there are three other areas where President Buhari has come out more glaringly than most of us thought we knew about him.  One is nepotic deployment bordering on clannishness and inability to bring discipline to bear on errant members of his nepotic court. This has grave consequences on performance of his government to the detriment of the nation.  It would appear that national interest was being sacrificed on the altar of nepotic interest.  What does one make of a case like that of Maina: collusion, condonation, ineptitude, incompetence, dereliction of responsibility or kinship and friendship on the part of those who should have taken visible and deterrent disciplinary action?  How many similar cases are buried, ignored or covered up and not yet in the glare of the media and the public? The second is his poor understanding of the dynamics of internal politics.  This has led to wittingly or unwittingly making the nation more divided and inequality has widened and become more pronounced.  It also has effect on general national security. The third is passing the buck.  For instance, blaming the Governor of the Central Bank for devaluation of the naira by 70% or so and blaming past governments for it, is to say the least,not accepting one’s own responsibility. Let nobody deceive us, economy feeds on politics and because our politics is depressing, our economy is even more depressing today.  If things were good, President Buhari would not need to come in.  He was voted to fix things that were bad and not engage in the blame game.  Our Constitution is very clear, one of the cardinal responsibilities of the President is the management of the economy of which the value of the naira forms an integral part. Kinship and friendship that place responsibility for governance in the hands of the unelected can only be deleterious to good government and to the nation.

President Buhari’s illness called for the sympathy, understanding, prayer and patience from every sane Nigerian.  It is part of our culture.  Most Nigerians prayed for him while he was away sick in London for over hundred days and he gave his Deputy sufficient leeway to carry on in his absence. We all thanked God for President Buhari for coming back reasonably hale and hearty and progressing well in his recovery.But whatever may be the state of President Buhari’s health today, he should neither over-push his luck nor over-tax the patience and tolerance of Nigerians for him, no matter what his self-serving, so-called advisers, who would claim that they love him more than God loves him and that without him, there would be no Nigeria say. President Buhari needs a dignified and honourable dismount from the horse. He needs to have time to reflect, refurbish physically and recoup and after appropriate rest, once again, join the stock of Nigerian leaders whose experience, influence, wisdom and outreach can be deployed on the sideline for the good of the country.  His place in history is already assured.  Without impaired health and strain of age, running the affairs of Nigeria is a 25/7 affair, not 24/7. 

I only appeal to brother Buhari to consider a deserved rest at this point in time and at this age.  I continue to wish him robust health to enjoy his retirement from active public service. President Buhari does not necessarily need to heed my advice.  But whether or not he heeds it, Nigeria needs to move on and move forward.

I have had occasion in the past to say that the two main political parties – APC and PDP – were wobbling.  I must reiterate that nothing has happened to convince me otherwise.  If anything, I am reinforced in my conviction.  The recent show of PDP must give grave and great concern to lovers of Nigeria.  To claim, as has been credited to the chief kingmaker of PDP, that for procuring the Supreme Court judgement for his faction of the Party, he must dictate the tune all the way and this is indeed fraught with danger.  If neither APC nor PDP is a worthy horse to ride to lead Nigeria at this crucial and critical time, what then do we do?  Remember Farooq Kperogi, an Associate Professor at the Kennesaw State University, Georgia, United States, calls it “a cruel Hobson’s choice; it’s like a choice between six and half a dozen, between evil and evil. Any selection or deflection would be a distinction without a difference.”  We cannot just sit down lamenting and wringing our hands desperately and hopelessly.

I believe the situation we are in today is akin to what and where we were in at the beginning of this democratic dispensation in 1999.  The nation was tottering.  People became hopeless and saw no bright future in the horizon.  It was all a dark cloud politically, economically and socially.  The price of oil at that time was nine dollars per barrel and we had a debt overhang of about $35 billion. Most people were confused with lack of direction in the country. One of the factors that saved the situation was a near government of national unity that was put in place to navigate us through the dark cloud.  We had almost all hands on deck. We used people at home and from the diaspora and we navigated through the dark cloud of those days. At that time, most people were hopelessly groping in the dark. They saw no choice,neither in the left nor in the right, and yet we were not bereft of people at home and from the diaspora that could come  together to make Nigeria truly a land flowing with milk and honey.  Where we are is a matter of choice but we can choose differently to make a necessary and desirable change, once again.

Wherever I go, I hear Nigerians complaining, murmuring in anguish and anger.  But our anger should not be like the anger of the cripple. We can collectively save ourselves from the position we find ourselves.  It will not come through self-pity, fruitless complaint or protest but through constructive and positive engagement and collective action for the good of our nation and ourselves and our children and their children. We need moral re-armament and engaging togetherness of people of like-mind and goodwill to come solidly together to lift Nigeria up.  This is no time for trading blames or embarking on futile argument and neither should we accept untenable excuses for non-performance. Let us accept that the present administration has done what it can do to the limit of its ability, aptitude and understanding. Let the administration and its political party platform agree with the rest of us that what they have done and what they are capable of doing is not good enough for us.  They have given as best as they have and as best as they can give. Nigeria deserves and urgently needs better than what they have given or what we know they are capable of giving.  To ask them to give more will be unrealistic and will only sentence Nigeria to a prison term of four years if not destroy it beyond the possibility of an early recovery and substantial growth.  Einstein made it clear to us that doing the same thing and expecting a different result is the height of folly. Already, Nigerians are committing suicide for the unbearable socio-economic situation they find themselves in.  And yet Nigerians love life.  We must not continue to reinforce failure and hope that all will be well.  It is self-deceit and self-defeat and another aspect of folly.

What has emerged from the opposition has shown no better promise from their antecedents.  As the leader of that Party for eight years as President of Nigeria, I can categorically say there is nothing to write home about in their new team. We have only one choice left to take us out of Egypt to the promised land.  And that is the coalition of the concerned and the willing – ready for positive and drastic change, progress and involvement.  Change that will give hope and future to all our youth and dignity and full participation to all our women. Our youth should be empowered to deploy their ability to learn, innovate and work energetically at ideas and concepts in which they can make their own original inputs.  Youth must be part of the action today and not relegated to leadership of tomorrow which may never come.  Change that will mean enhancement of living standard and progress for all.  A situation where the elected will accountably govern and every Nigerian will have equal opportunity not based on kinship and friendship but based on free citizenship.

Democracy is sustained and measured not by leaders doing extra-ordinary things, (invariably, leaders fail to do ordinary things very well), but by citizens rising up to do ordinary things extra-ordinarily well.  Our democracy, development and progress at this juncture require ordinary citizens of Nigeria to do the extra-ordinary things of changing the course and direction of our lackluster performance and development.  If leadership fails, citizens must not fail and there lies the beauty and importance of democracy.  We are challenged by the current situation; we must neither adopt spirit of cowardice nor timidity let alone impotence but must be sustained by courage, determination and commitment to say and do and to persist until we achieve upliftment for Nigeria. Nothing ventured, nothing gained and we believe that our venturing will not be in vain. God of Nigeria has endowed this country adequately and our non-performance cannot be blamed on God but on leadership. God, who has given us what we need and which is potentially there, will give us leadership enablement to actualize our potentiality.

The development and modernization of our country and society must be anchored and sustained on dynamic Nigerian culture, enduring values and an enchanting Nigerian dream.  We must have abiding faith in our country and its role and place within the comity of nations.Today, Nigeria needs all hands on deck.  All hands of men and women of goodwill must be on deck.  We need all hands to move our country forward.

We need a Coalition for Nigeria, CN. Such a Movement  at this juncture needs not be a political party but one to which all well-meaning Nigerians can belong.  That Movement must be a coalition for democracy, good governance, social and economic well-being and progress.  Coalition to salvage and redeem our country.  You can count me with such a Movement.  Last time, we asked, prayed and worked for change and God granted our request.  This time, we must ask, pray and work for change with unity, security and progress. And God will again grant us. Of course, nothing should stop such a Movement from satisfying conditions for fielding candidates for elections.  But if at any stage the Movement wishes to metamorphose into candidate-sponsoring Movement for elections, I will bow out of the Movement because I will continue to maintain my non-partisan position.  Coalition for Nigeria must have its headquarters in Abuja.

This Coalition for Nigeria will be a Movement that will drive Nigeria up and forward.  It must have a pride of place for all Nigerians, particularly for our youth and our women.  It is a coalition of hope for all Nigerians for speedy, quality and equal development, security, unity, prosperity and progress.  It is a coalition to banish poverty, insecurity and despair. Our country must not be oblivious to concomitant danger around, outside and ahead.  Coalition for Nigeria must be a Movement to break new ground in building a united country, a socially-cohesive and moderately prosperous society with equity, equality of opportunity, justice and a dynamic and progressive economy that is self-reliant and takes active part in global division of labour and international decision-making.

The Movement must work out the path of development and the trajectory of development in speed, quality and equality in the short- medium- and long-term for Nigeria on the basis of sustainability, stability, predictability, credibility, security, cooperation and prosperity with diminishing inequality. What is called for is love, commitment and interest in our country, not in self, friends and kinship alone but particularly love, compassion and interest in the poor, underprivileged and downtrodden.  It is our human duty and responsibility so to do.  Failure to do this will amount to a sin against God and a crime against humanity.

Some may ask, what does Obasanjo want again?  Obasanjo has wanted nothing other than the best for Nigeria and Nigerians and he will continue to want nothing less.  And if we have the best, we will be contented whether where we live is described as palaces or huts by others and we will always give thanks to God.

I, therefore,will gladly join such a Movement when one is established as Coalition for Nigeria, CN, taking Nigeria to the height God has created it to be.  From now on, the Nigeria eagle must continue to soar and fly high.  CN, as a Movement, will be new, green, transparent and must remain clean and always active, selflessly so.  Members must be ready to make sacrifice for the nation and pay the price of being pioneers and good Nigerians for our country to play the God-assigned role for itself, for its neighbours, for its sub-region of West Africa, for its continent and for humanity in general.  For me, the strength and sustainable success of CN will derive largely from the strong commitment of a population that is constantly mobilized to the rallying platform of the fact that going forward together is our best option for building a nation that will occupy its deserved place in the global community.  May God continue to lead, guide and protect us. Amen.

Bring Back Our Girls: Salomi Pogu’s Hope for Girls Yet to Be Found


Their only crime was being born in a town that was targeted. The brave girls of Chibok were young girls looking to get a decent education so they can have better chances in life. Those dreams were cut off that day in 2014 when nearly 300 mainly Christian girls were abducted from Chibok by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram.

Today, when we hear Bring Back Our Girls, most of use spare a moment to sigh and lament about the case of the missing school girls.

On January 4th, the Nigerian army reported finding another Chibok girl held in captivity by Boko Haram.

Her name, Salomi Pogu, a statement from the army claimed that Salomi was one of the over 270 students who were abducted in 2014.

She was found along with another girl, Jamila Adams in the town of Pulka in the northeast Borno State.

Bring back Our Girls, the group agitating for the release of the girls have confirmed that Salomi Number 15 on the publicly known list of missing #ChibokGirls.

BBOG’s spokesperson, Sesugh Akume said “She is Number 15 on the publicly known list of missing #ChibokGirls NOT Number 86 as the statement by the military said, Salomi Pogu is a daughter of Mallam Pogu Yahi from Kaumutahyahi, a village in Kuburmbula ward of Chibok LGA. Both her parents are currently IDPs in Rumirgo Village, in nearby Askira/Uba LGA in Borno State.”

A relative of Salomi, Mr Ayuba Aloson, while speaking to the News Agency of Nigeria said “I am happy over the development; our abducted daughters are still with their captors. This demonstrates the commitments of the military to the rescue of the girls.”

So far, about 106 girls have been released. Over 100 girls are still believed to be in custody of Boko Haram.

The government spent a whooping N164,763,759 on the second semester school fees of the 106 Chibok girls at the American University of Nigeria, AUN in Yola.

The girls went through debriefing and de-radicalisation by security operatives, after which the girls were handed over to the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development.

The Federal Ministry of Womens Affairs and Social Development was assigned the main role in supervising the rehabilitation and reintegration of the girls back into society.

The ministry of women affairs and in collaboration with the United Nations Fund for Population Activities,UNFPA, UN Women, and other donor agencies, embarked on programmes earmarked to facilitate the rehabilitation and reintegration of the Chibok girls with a nine-month time frame.

A hostel in the National Centre for Women Development was converted into a suitable shelter, where the girls were kept for the nine-month period. The programme, which began in January 2017, ended in September 2017.

Hopefully, Salomi will also pass through this same process of rehabilitation and reintegration. Her rescue has awakened hope in the minds of parents whose children are still missing.

As much as we can hope that she will be able to leave the horrors behind, she and the 106 girls currently schooling at the American University of Nigeria will never forget.

Say a prayer for the girls tonight.




Who Will Get Justice for the 26 Nigerian Teenagers Who Died At Sea


In the 1800s, Seriki William Abass was sold into slavery, after being sold twice and learning multiple languages, he returned to Badagry to become a slave merchant himself. Seriki who was famed for his wealth was also a dreaded slave merchant who was admired and dreaded at the same time. Before boarding a ship, slaves are asked to take a sip from a well right before the point of no return. It is believed that the water had properties that made them forget who they were before being sold into slavery.

Today slavery is dismissed as a thing of history books and old women’s tale. People who are brave enough to read about the history or visit sites to see relics either cry or feel an anger that cuts across centuries.

According to 2016 Global Slavery Index Report, there are 875, 500 Nigerians who are victims of modern slavery. Modern slavery included forced labour, human trafficking, slavery like practices such as forced marriage, debt bondage and forced labour.

Walk Free Foundation describes Human trafficking as recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring or receiving a person through any coercive means, such as threat, use of force, deception, abuse) for the purpose for exploitation (forced labour, organ removal, sexual exploitation etc ).

On Monday, a Spanish warship, Cantabria, docked at the southern port of Salerno carrying 375 migrants and 26 dead Nigerian women whose bodies were found at sea.

The women aged 14-18 were Nigerian migrants heading to Italy at the expense of human traffickers who charge about $6,000 to get to Italy, $4,000 of which is for the trans-Saharan journey to Libya.

BBC reports that the women’s bodies are being kept in a refrigerated section of the warship. Most of the 375 survivors were sub-Saharan Africans, from Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, The Gambia and Sudan, among them were 90 women – eight of them pregnant – and 52 children.

According to Devatop Center for African Development, trafficked Nigerian women and children are recruited from rural areas within the country’s borders − women and girls for involuntary domestic servitude and sexual exploitation.

the National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic in Persons estimate that about 90 per cent of girls that are been trafficked to Europe are taken to shrines to take ‘oaths of secrecy.’

Girls aged 14-18 should be in secondary school completing their education. They shouldn’t be forced to embark on arduous journeys that put their lives at risk.

Senior Special Assistant to the President on Foreign Affairs and Diaspora Matters, Abike Dabiri-Erewa while speaking with Punch Newspaper explained that “Fatalities are increasing on the Mediterranean because the smugglers are using smaller boats. I just returned from a summit in Addis-Ababa where we are coming up with a comprehensive irregular migration document. By July next year, a formal document would be unveiled. I hope it would assist in checking the sad trends.

“The migrants are going over there to work, so there is a way it could be properly regularised.

“Unfortunately, the part of Europe they are migrating to is no longer interested in saving anyone; they are tired. We are appealing to our youths to stop illegal migration.”

Human Traffickers use the promise of money to entice parents in rural areas to release their children. Young girls are usually prey because their bodies are seen as commodities to be exploited.

Ending Human Trafficking starts with all of us. Make a phone call, tweet, call your relatives in villages and tell them to say no if anyone approaches them to send their young girls abroad to make money for them.

Tweet “ Let’s put an end to human trafficking, don’t sell your female children abroad for money.”

The Problem Of Africa: How Honourable Are Our “Honourables?”



A story is being told of a peasant farmer who lived in the hinterlands. This farmer who felt the pangs of neglect every blessed day was living alone. One day, as this farmer was busy working on his farm, an awful incident occurred. An aeroplane full of politicians crashed near his farm.

Without any delay, this poor farmer started digging the grave of the politicians. When the police arrived, they asked the farmer what had happened. The farmer, without any sign of remorse, enthusiastically answered, “The plane crashed near my farm and I buried all of them”. One of the police officers asked with a sign of indignation and out of shock; “are you sure they all died?” The poor farmer slowly and patiently replied, “Some of them were screaming, ‘we are still alive.’ But I couldn’t believe them. You know these politicians. They can lie”.

I do not take delight in making mockery of the “honourables” of Africa.  As a matter of fact, many citizens in the continent of Africa wouldn’t hesitate to do likewise if they find themselves in the situation of this peasant farmer.

It is crystal clear that during the struggle for independence, the clarity and unanimity with which African freedom fighters articulated their  views and vision for their country and Africa as a  whole was bracing and very patriotic. Their clarity of purpose and ideological cohesion in the African continent will forever convince one to believe that they were reading from the same script scribbled by one scribe.

The African continent will be eternally grateful to some visionaries like Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Madibo Keita of Mali, Augustinho Neto of Angola, Patrice lumumba of Congo, Samora Machel of Mozambique among many others. These were men who lived beyond reproach and led exemplary lives.

In the early years of independence, most African countries portrayed some traits which made it clear that they were moving in the right direction. Per the natural resources, most African countries were eager to achieve a mutual social cohesion, economic prosperity and political freedom. The train of development in Africa as expected by some analysts was to move with the speed of a cheetah but with military accuracy. This train that was moving in the right direction of development and progress has long come to an abrupt halt. The script of progress   is long lost and African countries keep on punching below the economic weight of the world. The economic terrain is in shambles and has become unbearable for the ordinary citizens. Many years after most African countries untied themselves from the apron-strings of their erstwhile colonizers, the citizens are still swimming excruciatingly in the endless vicious cycle of poverty and shame.

Wait a minute! What then is the problem of Africa? Could it be as a result of inadequate natural resources? Certainly no! The continent of Africa in my opinion is the luckiest and most privileged among all the continents. It is extremely exhilarating to know that Africa is the world’s richest continent in terms of natural resources. But in terms of the wealth of its citizens, it is the poorest. What an irony! The African continent is never in shortage of rich minerals like gold, diamond, bauxite, cobalt as well as some precious commodities like oil, timber and gas. Need I talk of the untilled fertile acres of farmlands?

Many people have proposed the problem of Africa. Chinua Achebe, an industrious son of the continent posited that the problem of Africa is squarely the problem of leadership. In his book “Why Africans are Poor”, Greg Mills states unequivocally that Africans are poor because their leaders have chosen that path.

Africans and their leaders desire things which require effort but they never make any meaningful effort. I can’t agree less with these prolific writers. But quite contrary to the view of Greg, I opine that Africa is never poor but we are stealing her wealth. It is an established fact that about $161bn comes to Africa within a year in the form of remittances, loans and aid. It is worth noting that at this same time, about $203bn leaves the continent of Africa.

The “honourables” who are supposed to be the agents of development and protect the public purse are now a pain in the neck by becoming the strategic authors of the doom of Africa.  P.O.C Umeh describes them as ambassadors of poverty who are always frustrating the corporate will of the masses.

The word “honourable” simply means to be “honest and fair”. But how many “honourables” (politicians) in Africa really deserve this prestigious honour? With staggering and wavering lips, the masses address them as “honourable” and yet they are “unable”. Many “honourables” are locked up in the corrosive war of corruption and greed.  The virtues of integrity, honesty and equity are alien to the “honourables” of Africa. Corruption has been institutionalized and those who still hold on to the ancient virtues of honesty and integrity are seen as the endangered species. They give the youngsters every reason to be corrupt. In the nature of things, when the cow is chewing a cud then the calf will follow suit in that same process.

To most of these “honourables”, they see the continent of Africa as a cemetery where their bodies should be laid to rest when they die. Meanwhile, the hard earned monies of the continent are siphoned to fuel foreign banks. The most pathetic aspect of it all is that, some loot these huge amounts of money and save them in foreign banks without the knowledge of anyone. They die and these monies and properties become the assets of the foreign nations. This barbaric and inhuman behaviour on the part of some African leaders only denigrates and debase the dignity of the masses and tarnishes the image of the continent as a whole.

Without any shilly- shallying, most “honourables” in Africa are only famous for the wrong things. Instead of being recognized as astute and famous leaders, our leaders have chosen to be infamous. Ask of Sani Abacha of Nigeria and he will definitely be remembered for corruption.

Talk of Mobutu of Zaire (now DR Congo) and he is only rembered as the man who saw Congo to be God’s personal gift to him alone. Idi Amin of Uganda was known internationally as a man who gruesomely murdered anyone who opposed him. David Mukholi( Managing Editor of Vision Group) recalls how scary it was to walk along the Nile river because dead bodies were washed ashore every blessed day.

To the world, Amin is the embodiment of anything dark and monstrous that came out of Africa. He rose to become the 20th century most infamous leader in the world.  Some 3,000 people are said to have been killed during his eight year rule.

It is only in Africa that our “honourables” can spend about 3.79 US dollars of the tax payer’s money on pampers and other fleeting desires. It was quite disparaging to know that about $10.3 billion was seized as at 2016 from people who were suspected to have looted the nation’s money in Nigeria. This exercise was carried under Buhari’s regime. About $9.8 million in the safe house of Andrew Yakubu, former managing director of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was found and seized. These whopping amounts are in individuals’ pockets in Africa. Meanwhile, some paupers in Africa cannot afford two square meals a day. Some people in Africa really squeeze water out of stone in order to make ends meet.

The behaviour of the ‘Honourables’ of  Africa has pushed the citizens to start doubting the fundamentals of their independence and freedom. It is unfathomable to know that in Ghana, under the auspices of Sir Gordon Guggishberg, 19 well equipped hospitals were built including the much talked about Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. 3,380 miles of road network was constructed to facilitate transportation by land. Similarly, 207 miles of railway was constructed in the bid to enhance transportation in Ghana.

The prince of Wales College (now Achimota School) was built at the cost of 12.4 million pounds. Most Africans would now be asking the uncomfortable question; “how many hospitals, railways, harbours and roads have been built after the era of colonization and the early years of our independence and what is the amount of money wasted over simple projects like Public toilets? The few infrastructures are left to deteriorate and are now beyond rehabilitation. How many African countries can still boast of quality railway lines?

The attitude of the African politician has made most African countries to suffer from inferiority complex in the presence of other continents. Africans are now coerced to seek approval from others to feel complete. Nonetheless, we shouldn’t stop believing in Africa.

Moving forward, the “honourables” of Africa and we the citizens need a total repentance. We need a total change of mind and heart. For all we know, “the one condemning the act hasn’t gotten the golden opportunity to be corrupt” as asserted by P.L. O Lumumba. It’s high time our “honourables” knew that the national cake is not to be siphoned into individual pockets. Being in power for one’s own parochial interest is really a great disservice to the continent of Africa.  The weakness of Africa is pathetic and it is time to create a new Africa where we shall be the sole deciders of what others will think of us. A new Africa where our “honourables” will serve passionately and sincerely and not for their self-aggrandizement. A new Africa where the citizens won’t continuously pester our Politicians for money before they can vote for them. A new Africa where the honourable will  truly be honourable. There is the need for a total hygiene in the politics and leadership of Africa.

Elvis Effah sent this in from Ghana. He blogs at, you can reach him via

Women’s Economic Empowerment is Pre-condition for Achieving Gender Equality – UN Panel


The UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel (HLP) on Women’s Economic Empowerment has said that women’s economic empowerment is precondition for achieving gender equality all over the world.

The event titled, “Accelerating Women’s Economic Empowerment to achieve the 2030 Agenda” was co-hosted by the Group of Champions of Women’s Economic Empowerment, led by the Government of Costa Rica and the United Kingdom, together with UN Women and the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in New York.

While speaking at the event, Olga Sanchez, Minister of National Planning and Economic policy of Costa Rica, said: “We need to pay special attention to the economic empowerment of women in vulnerable sectors. Women’s economic empowerment is a clear pre-condition to achieving gender equality, and that is why urgent action is needed in this area.”

Investing in women’s economic empowerment sets a direct path towards gender equality, poverty eradication and inclusive economic growth. Yet, women around the world remain disproportionately affected by poverty, discrimination and exploitation. Only 50 per cent of women of working age are in the labour force, compared to 77 per cent of men. Women are more likely than men to work in the informal economy. Women also bear the disproportionate burden of unpaid care work, doing on average three times as much unpaid care and domestic work as men.

The UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment was established in January 2016, was tasked with developing actions and recommendations to address these structural challenges.

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