Posts Tagged ‘Nigeria’

Why Nigeria cannot grow without her women



Former President Olusegun Obasanjo in his recent public statement reiterated the importance of women in the political fabric of Nigeria. In a 3,553 word explosive, the President decribed a movement that priorotised the political participation of Nigerian youth and women.

He wrote “This Coalition for Nigeria will be a Movement that will drive Nigeria up and forward.  It must have a pride of place for all Nigerians, particularly for our youth and our women.”

The coalition which he described as the coalition of the concerned and the willing – ready for positive and drastic change, progress and involvement, must work out the path of development and the trajectory of development in speed, quality and equality in the short- medium- and long-term for Nigeria on the basis of sustainability, stability, predictability, credibility, security, cooperation and prosperity with diminishing inequality.

From local to the global level, women’s leadership and political participation are restricted. Women are generally underrepresented as voters, as well as in leading positions, whether in elected office, the civil service, the private sector or academia.

This usually occurs despite their proven abilities as leaders and agents of change, and their right to participate equally in democratic governance.

The 2011 UN General Assembly resolution on women’s political participation notes, “Women in every part of the world continue to be largely marginalized from the political sphere, often as a result of discriminatory laws, practices, attitudes and gender stereotypes, low levels of education, lack of access to health care and the disproportionate effect of poverty on women.”

Women active participation in policies lead to better legislation and more inclusive policies that emcompasses all verticals in the society.

Read Obasanjo’s press release below


Special Press Statement By President Olusegun Obasanjo       

Since we are still in the month of January, it is appropriate to wish all Nigerians Happy 2018.  I am constrained to issue this special statement at this time considering the situation of the country.  Some of you may be asking, “What has brought about this special occasion of Obasanjo issuing a Special Statement?” You will be right to ask such a question.  But there is a Yoruba saying that ‘when lice abound in your clothes, your fingernails will never be dried of blood’.  When I was in the village, to make sure that lice die, you put them between two fingernails and press hard to ensure they die and they always leave blood stains on the fingernails.  To ensure you do not have blood on your fingernails, you have to ensure that lice are not harboured anywhere within your vicinity.

The lice of poor performance in government – poverty, insecurity, poor economic management, nepotism, gross dereliction of duty, condonation of misdeed – if not outright encouragement of it, lack of progress and hope for the future, lack of national cohesion and poor management of internal political dynamics and widening inequality – are very much with us today. With such lice of general and specific poor performance and crying poverty with us, our fingers will not be dry of ‘blood’.

Four years ago when my PDP card was torn, I made it abundantly clear that I quit partisan politics for aye but my concern and interest in Nigeria, Africa and indeed in humanity would not wane.  Ever since, I have adhered strictly to that position.  Since that time, I have devoted quality time to the issue of zero hunger as contained in Goal No. 2 of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN.  We have set the target that Nigeria with the participating States in the Zero Hunger Forum should reach Zero Hunger goal by 2025 – five years earlier than the UN target date.  I am involved in the issue of education in some States and generally in the issue of youth empowerment and employment.  I am involved in all these domestically and altruistically to give hope and future to the seemingly hopeless and those in despair.  I believe strongly that God has endowed Nigeria so adequately that no Nigerian should be either in want or in despair.

I believe in team work and collaborative efforts.  At the international level, we have worked with other world leaders to domicile the apparatus for monitoring and encouraging socio-economic progress in Africa in our Presidential Library. The purpose of Africa Progress Group,which is the new name assumed by Africa Progress Panel (APP),is to point out where, when and what works need to be done for the progress of Africa separately and collectively by African leaders and their development partners. I have also gladly accepted the invitation of the UN Secretary-General to be a member of his eighteen-member High-Level Board of Advisers on Mediation.  There are other assignments I take up in other fora for Africa and for the international community.  For Africa to move forward, Nigeria must be one of the anchor countries, if not the leading anchor country.  It means that Nigeria must be good at home to be good outside.  No doubt, our situation in the last decade or so had shown that we are not good enough at home; hence we are invariably absent at the table that we should be abroad.

All these led me to take the unusual step of going against my own political Party, PDP, in the last general election to support the opposite side.  I saw that action as the best option for Nigeria.  As it has been revealed in the last three years or so, that decision and the subsequent collective decision of Nigerians to vote for a change was the right decision for the nation.  For me, there was nothing personal, it was all in the best interest of Nigeria and, indeed, in the best interest of Africa and humanity at large.  Even the horse rider then, with whom I maintain very cordial, happy and social relationship today has come to realise his mistakes and regretted it publicly and I admire his courage and forthrightness in this regard.  He has a role to play on the sideline for the good of Nigeria, Africa and humanity and I will see him as a partner in playing such a role nationally and internationally, but not as a horse rider in Nigeria again.

The situation that made Nigerians to vote massively to get my brother Jonathan off the horse is playing itself out again.  First, I thought I knew the point where President Buhari is weak and I spoke and wrote about it even before Nigerians voted for him and I also did vote for him because at that time it was a matter of “any option but Jonathan” (aobj).  But my letter to President Jonathan titled: “Before It Is Too Late” was meant for him to act before it was too late.  He ignored it and it was too late for him and those who goaded him into ignoring the voice of caution.  I know that praise-singers and hired attackers may be raised up against me for verbal or even physical attack but if I can withstand undeserved imprisonment and was ready to shed my blood by standing for Nigeria, I will consider no sacrifice too great to make for the good of Nigeria at any time. No human leader is expected to be personally strong or self-sufficient in all aspects of governance.

I knew President Buhari before he became President and said that he is weak in the knowledge and understanding of the economy but I thought that he could make use of good Nigerians in that area that could help.  Although, I know that you cannot give what you don’t have and that economy does not obey military order.  You have to give it what it takes in the short-, medium- and long-term.  Then, it would move. I know his weakness in understanding and playing in the foreign affairs sector and again, there are many Nigerians that could be used in that area as well. They have knowledge and experience that could be deployed for the good of Nigeria.  There were serious allegations of round-tripping against some inner caucus of the Presidency which would seem to have been condoned.  I wonder if such actions do not amount to corruption and financial crime, then what is it?  Culture of condonation and turning blind eye will cover up rather than clean up.  And going to justice must be with clean hands.

I thought President Buhari would fight corruption and insurgency and he must be given some credit for his achievement so far in these two areas although it is not yet uhuru!

The herdsmen/crop farmers issue is being wittingly or unwittingly allowed to turn sour and messy.  It is no credit to the Federal Government that the herdsmen rampage continues with careless abandon and without finding an effective solution to it. And it is a sad symptom of insensitivity and callousness that some Governors, a day after 73 victims were being buried in a mass grave in Benue State without condolence, were jubilantly endorsing President Buhari for a second term! The timing was most unfortunate. The issue of herdsmen/crop farmers dichotomy should not be left on the political platform of blame game; the Federal Government must take the lead in bringing about solution that protects life and properties of herdsmen and crop farmers alike and for them to live amicably in the same community.

But there are three other areas where President Buhari has come out more glaringly than most of us thought we knew about him.  One is nepotic deployment bordering on clannishness and inability to bring discipline to bear on errant members of his nepotic court. This has grave consequences on performance of his government to the detriment of the nation.  It would appear that national interest was being sacrificed on the altar of nepotic interest.  What does one make of a case like that of Maina: collusion, condonation, ineptitude, incompetence, dereliction of responsibility or kinship and friendship on the part of those who should have taken visible and deterrent disciplinary action?  How many similar cases are buried, ignored or covered up and not yet in the glare of the media and the public? The second is his poor understanding of the dynamics of internal politics.  This has led to wittingly or unwittingly making the nation more divided and inequality has widened and become more pronounced.  It also has effect on general national security. The third is passing the buck.  For instance, blaming the Governor of the Central Bank for devaluation of the naira by 70% or so and blaming past governments for it, is to say the least,not accepting one’s own responsibility. Let nobody deceive us, economy feeds on politics and because our politics is depressing, our economy is even more depressing today.  If things were good, President Buhari would not need to come in.  He was voted to fix things that were bad and not engage in the blame game.  Our Constitution is very clear, one of the cardinal responsibilities of the President is the management of the economy of which the value of the naira forms an integral part. Kinship and friendship that place responsibility for governance in the hands of the unelected can only be deleterious to good government and to the nation.

President Buhari’s illness called for the sympathy, understanding, prayer and patience from every sane Nigerian.  It is part of our culture.  Most Nigerians prayed for him while he was away sick in London for over hundred days and he gave his Deputy sufficient leeway to carry on in his absence. We all thanked God for President Buhari for coming back reasonably hale and hearty and progressing well in his recovery.But whatever may be the state of President Buhari’s health today, he should neither over-push his luck nor over-tax the patience and tolerance of Nigerians for him, no matter what his self-serving, so-called advisers, who would claim that they love him more than God loves him and that without him, there would be no Nigeria say. President Buhari needs a dignified and honourable dismount from the horse. He needs to have time to reflect, refurbish physically and recoup and after appropriate rest, once again, join the stock of Nigerian leaders whose experience, influence, wisdom and outreach can be deployed on the sideline for the good of the country.  His place in history is already assured.  Without impaired health and strain of age, running the affairs of Nigeria is a 25/7 affair, not 24/7. 

I only appeal to brother Buhari to consider a deserved rest at this point in time and at this age.  I continue to wish him robust health to enjoy his retirement from active public service. President Buhari does not necessarily need to heed my advice.  But whether or not he heeds it, Nigeria needs to move on and move forward.

I have had occasion in the past to say that the two main political parties – APC and PDP – were wobbling.  I must reiterate that nothing has happened to convince me otherwise.  If anything, I am reinforced in my conviction.  The recent show of PDP must give grave and great concern to lovers of Nigeria.  To claim, as has been credited to the chief kingmaker of PDP, that for procuring the Supreme Court judgement for his faction of the Party, he must dictate the tune all the way and this is indeed fraught with danger.  If neither APC nor PDP is a worthy horse to ride to lead Nigeria at this crucial and critical time, what then do we do?  Remember Farooq Kperogi, an Associate Professor at the Kennesaw State University, Georgia, United States, calls it “a cruel Hobson’s choice; it’s like a choice between six and half a dozen, between evil and evil. Any selection or deflection would be a distinction without a difference.”  We cannot just sit down lamenting and wringing our hands desperately and hopelessly.

I believe the situation we are in today is akin to what and where we were in at the beginning of this democratic dispensation in 1999.  The nation was tottering.  People became hopeless and saw no bright future in the horizon.  It was all a dark cloud politically, economically and socially.  The price of oil at that time was nine dollars per barrel and we had a debt overhang of about $35 billion. Most people were confused with lack of direction in the country. One of the factors that saved the situation was a near government of national unity that was put in place to navigate us through the dark cloud.  We had almost all hands on deck. We used people at home and from the diaspora and we navigated through the dark cloud of those days. At that time, most people were hopelessly groping in the dark. They saw no choice,neither in the left nor in the right, and yet we were not bereft of people at home and from the diaspora that could come  together to make Nigeria truly a land flowing with milk and honey.  Where we are is a matter of choice but we can choose differently to make a necessary and desirable change, once again.

Wherever I go, I hear Nigerians complaining, murmuring in anguish and anger.  But our anger should not be like the anger of the cripple. We can collectively save ourselves from the position we find ourselves.  It will not come through self-pity, fruitless complaint or protest but through constructive and positive engagement and collective action for the good of our nation and ourselves and our children and their children. We need moral re-armament and engaging togetherness of people of like-mind and goodwill to come solidly together to lift Nigeria up.  This is no time for trading blames or embarking on futile argument and neither should we accept untenable excuses for non-performance. Let us accept that the present administration has done what it can do to the limit of its ability, aptitude and understanding. Let the administration and its political party platform agree with the rest of us that what they have done and what they are capable of doing is not good enough for us.  They have given as best as they have and as best as they can give. Nigeria deserves and urgently needs better than what they have given or what we know they are capable of giving.  To ask them to give more will be unrealistic and will only sentence Nigeria to a prison term of four years if not destroy it beyond the possibility of an early recovery and substantial growth.  Einstein made it clear to us that doing the same thing and expecting a different result is the height of folly. Already, Nigerians are committing suicide for the unbearable socio-economic situation they find themselves in.  And yet Nigerians love life.  We must not continue to reinforce failure and hope that all will be well.  It is self-deceit and self-defeat and another aspect of folly.

What has emerged from the opposition has shown no better promise from their antecedents.  As the leader of that Party for eight years as President of Nigeria, I can categorically say there is nothing to write home about in their new team. We have only one choice left to take us out of Egypt to the promised land.  And that is the coalition of the concerned and the willing – ready for positive and drastic change, progress and involvement.  Change that will give hope and future to all our youth and dignity and full participation to all our women. Our youth should be empowered to deploy their ability to learn, innovate and work energetically at ideas and concepts in which they can make their own original inputs.  Youth must be part of the action today and not relegated to leadership of tomorrow which may never come.  Change that will mean enhancement of living standard and progress for all.  A situation where the elected will accountably govern and every Nigerian will have equal opportunity not based on kinship and friendship but based on free citizenship.

Democracy is sustained and measured not by leaders doing extra-ordinary things, (invariably, leaders fail to do ordinary things very well), but by citizens rising up to do ordinary things extra-ordinarily well.  Our democracy, development and progress at this juncture require ordinary citizens of Nigeria to do the extra-ordinary things of changing the course and direction of our lackluster performance and development.  If leadership fails, citizens must not fail and there lies the beauty and importance of democracy.  We are challenged by the current situation; we must neither adopt spirit of cowardice nor timidity let alone impotence but must be sustained by courage, determination and commitment to say and do and to persist until we achieve upliftment for Nigeria. Nothing ventured, nothing gained and we believe that our venturing will not be in vain. God of Nigeria has endowed this country adequately and our non-performance cannot be blamed on God but on leadership. God, who has given us what we need and which is potentially there, will give us leadership enablement to actualize our potentiality.

The development and modernization of our country and society must be anchored and sustained on dynamic Nigerian culture, enduring values and an enchanting Nigerian dream.  We must have abiding faith in our country and its role and place within the comity of nations.Today, Nigeria needs all hands on deck.  All hands of men and women of goodwill must be on deck.  We need all hands to move our country forward.

We need a Coalition for Nigeria, CN. Such a Movement  at this juncture needs not be a political party but one to which all well-meaning Nigerians can belong.  That Movement must be a coalition for democracy, good governance, social and economic well-being and progress.  Coalition to salvage and redeem our country.  You can count me with such a Movement.  Last time, we asked, prayed and worked for change and God granted our request.  This time, we must ask, pray and work for change with unity, security and progress. And God will again grant us. Of course, nothing should stop such a Movement from satisfying conditions for fielding candidates for elections.  But if at any stage the Movement wishes to metamorphose into candidate-sponsoring Movement for elections, I will bow out of the Movement because I will continue to maintain my non-partisan position.  Coalition for Nigeria must have its headquarters in Abuja.

This Coalition for Nigeria will be a Movement that will drive Nigeria up and forward.  It must have a pride of place for all Nigerians, particularly for our youth and our women.  It is a coalition of hope for all Nigerians for speedy, quality and equal development, security, unity, prosperity and progress.  It is a coalition to banish poverty, insecurity and despair. Our country must not be oblivious to concomitant danger around, outside and ahead.  Coalition for Nigeria must be a Movement to break new ground in building a united country, a socially-cohesive and moderately prosperous society with equity, equality of opportunity, justice and a dynamic and progressive economy that is self-reliant and takes active part in global division of labour and international decision-making.

The Movement must work out the path of development and the trajectory of development in speed, quality and equality in the short- medium- and long-term for Nigeria on the basis of sustainability, stability, predictability, credibility, security, cooperation and prosperity with diminishing inequality. What is called for is love, commitment and interest in our country, not in self, friends and kinship alone but particularly love, compassion and interest in the poor, underprivileged and downtrodden.  It is our human duty and responsibility so to do.  Failure to do this will amount to a sin against God and a crime against humanity.

Some may ask, what does Obasanjo want again?  Obasanjo has wanted nothing other than the best for Nigeria and Nigerians and he will continue to want nothing less.  And if we have the best, we will be contented whether where we live is described as palaces or huts by others and we will always give thanks to God.

I, therefore,will gladly join such a Movement when one is established as Coalition for Nigeria, CN, taking Nigeria to the height God has created it to be.  From now on, the Nigeria eagle must continue to soar and fly high.  CN, as a Movement, will be new, green, transparent and must remain clean and always active, selflessly so.  Members must be ready to make sacrifice for the nation and pay the price of being pioneers and good Nigerians for our country to play the God-assigned role for itself, for its neighbours, for its sub-region of West Africa, for its continent and for humanity in general.  For me, the strength and sustainable success of CN will derive largely from the strong commitment of a population that is constantly mobilized to the rallying platform of the fact that going forward together is our best option for building a nation that will occupy its deserved place in the global community.  May God continue to lead, guide and protect us. Amen.

The Problem Of Africa: How Honourable Are Our “Honourables?”



A story is being told of a peasant farmer who lived in the hinterlands. This farmer who felt the pangs of neglect every blessed day was living alone. One day, as this farmer was busy working on his farm, an awful incident occurred. An aeroplane full of politicians crashed near his farm.

Without any delay, this poor farmer started digging the grave of the politicians. When the police arrived, they asked the farmer what had happened. The farmer, without any sign of remorse, enthusiastically answered, “The plane crashed near my farm and I buried all of them”. One of the police officers asked with a sign of indignation and out of shock; “are you sure they all died?” The poor farmer slowly and patiently replied, “Some of them were screaming, ‘we are still alive.’ But I couldn’t believe them. You know these politicians. They can lie”.

I do not take delight in making mockery of the “honourables” of Africa.  As a matter of fact, many citizens in the continent of Africa wouldn’t hesitate to do likewise if they find themselves in the situation of this peasant farmer.

It is crystal clear that during the struggle for independence, the clarity and unanimity with which African freedom fighters articulated their  views and vision for their country and Africa as a  whole was bracing and very patriotic. Their clarity of purpose and ideological cohesion in the African continent will forever convince one to believe that they were reading from the same script scribbled by one scribe.

The African continent will be eternally grateful to some visionaries like Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Madibo Keita of Mali, Augustinho Neto of Angola, Patrice lumumba of Congo, Samora Machel of Mozambique among many others. These were men who lived beyond reproach and led exemplary lives.

In the early years of independence, most African countries portrayed some traits which made it clear that they were moving in the right direction. Per the natural resources, most African countries were eager to achieve a mutual social cohesion, economic prosperity and political freedom. The train of development in Africa as expected by some analysts was to move with the speed of a cheetah but with military accuracy. This train that was moving in the right direction of development and progress has long come to an abrupt halt. The script of progress   is long lost and African countries keep on punching below the economic weight of the world. The economic terrain is in shambles and has become unbearable for the ordinary citizens. Many years after most African countries untied themselves from the apron-strings of their erstwhile colonizers, the citizens are still swimming excruciatingly in the endless vicious cycle of poverty and shame.

Wait a minute! What then is the problem of Africa? Could it be as a result of inadequate natural resources? Certainly no! The continent of Africa in my opinion is the luckiest and most privileged among all the continents. It is extremely exhilarating to know that Africa is the world’s richest continent in terms of natural resources. But in terms of the wealth of its citizens, it is the poorest. What an irony! The African continent is never in shortage of rich minerals like gold, diamond, bauxite, cobalt as well as some precious commodities like oil, timber and gas. Need I talk of the untilled fertile acres of farmlands?

Many people have proposed the problem of Africa. Chinua Achebe, an industrious son of the continent posited that the problem of Africa is squarely the problem of leadership. In his book “Why Africans are Poor”, Greg Mills states unequivocally that Africans are poor because their leaders have chosen that path.

Africans and their leaders desire things which require effort but they never make any meaningful effort. I can’t agree less with these prolific writers. But quite contrary to the view of Greg, I opine that Africa is never poor but we are stealing her wealth. It is an established fact that about $161bn comes to Africa within a year in the form of remittances, loans and aid. It is worth noting that at this same time, about $203bn leaves the continent of Africa.

The “honourables” who are supposed to be the agents of development and protect the public purse are now a pain in the neck by becoming the strategic authors of the doom of Africa.  P.O.C Umeh describes them as ambassadors of poverty who are always frustrating the corporate will of the masses.

The word “honourable” simply means to be “honest and fair”. But how many “honourables” (politicians) in Africa really deserve this prestigious honour? With staggering and wavering lips, the masses address them as “honourable” and yet they are “unable”. Many “honourables” are locked up in the corrosive war of corruption and greed.  The virtues of integrity, honesty and equity are alien to the “honourables” of Africa. Corruption has been institutionalized and those who still hold on to the ancient virtues of honesty and integrity are seen as the endangered species. They give the youngsters every reason to be corrupt. In the nature of things, when the cow is chewing a cud then the calf will follow suit in that same process.

To most of these “honourables”, they see the continent of Africa as a cemetery where their bodies should be laid to rest when they die. Meanwhile, the hard earned monies of the continent are siphoned to fuel foreign banks. The most pathetic aspect of it all is that, some loot these huge amounts of money and save them in foreign banks without the knowledge of anyone. They die and these monies and properties become the assets of the foreign nations. This barbaric and inhuman behaviour on the part of some African leaders only denigrates and debase the dignity of the masses and tarnishes the image of the continent as a whole.

Without any shilly- shallying, most “honourables” in Africa are only famous for the wrong things. Instead of being recognized as astute and famous leaders, our leaders have chosen to be infamous. Ask of Sani Abacha of Nigeria and he will definitely be remembered for corruption.

Talk of Mobutu of Zaire (now DR Congo) and he is only rembered as the man who saw Congo to be God’s personal gift to him alone. Idi Amin of Uganda was known internationally as a man who gruesomely murdered anyone who opposed him. David Mukholi( Managing Editor of Vision Group) recalls how scary it was to walk along the Nile river because dead bodies were washed ashore every blessed day.

To the world, Amin is the embodiment of anything dark and monstrous that came out of Africa. He rose to become the 20th century most infamous leader in the world.  Some 3,000 people are said to have been killed during his eight year rule.

It is only in Africa that our “honourables” can spend about 3.79 US dollars of the tax payer’s money on pampers and other fleeting desires. It was quite disparaging to know that about $10.3 billion was seized as at 2016 from people who were suspected to have looted the nation’s money in Nigeria. This exercise was carried under Buhari’s regime. About $9.8 million in the safe house of Andrew Yakubu, former managing director of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was found and seized. These whopping amounts are in individuals’ pockets in Africa. Meanwhile, some paupers in Africa cannot afford two square meals a day. Some people in Africa really squeeze water out of stone in order to make ends meet.

The behaviour of the ‘Honourables’ of  Africa has pushed the citizens to start doubting the fundamentals of their independence and freedom. It is unfathomable to know that in Ghana, under the auspices of Sir Gordon Guggishberg, 19 well equipped hospitals were built including the much talked about Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. 3,380 miles of road network was constructed to facilitate transportation by land. Similarly, 207 miles of railway was constructed in the bid to enhance transportation in Ghana.

The prince of Wales College (now Achimota School) was built at the cost of 12.4 million pounds. Most Africans would now be asking the uncomfortable question; “how many hospitals, railways, harbours and roads have been built after the era of colonization and the early years of our independence and what is the amount of money wasted over simple projects like Public toilets? The few infrastructures are left to deteriorate and are now beyond rehabilitation. How many African countries can still boast of quality railway lines?

The attitude of the African politician has made most African countries to suffer from inferiority complex in the presence of other continents. Africans are now coerced to seek approval from others to feel complete. Nonetheless, we shouldn’t stop believing in Africa.

Moving forward, the “honourables” of Africa and we the citizens need a total repentance. We need a total change of mind and heart. For all we know, “the one condemning the act hasn’t gotten the golden opportunity to be corrupt” as asserted by P.L. O Lumumba. It’s high time our “honourables” knew that the national cake is not to be siphoned into individual pockets. Being in power for one’s own parochial interest is really a great disservice to the continent of Africa.  The weakness of Africa is pathetic and it is time to create a new Africa where we shall be the sole deciders of what others will think of us. A new Africa where our “honourables” will serve passionately and sincerely and not for their self-aggrandizement. A new Africa where the citizens won’t continuously pester our Politicians for money before they can vote for them. A new Africa where the honourable will  truly be honourable. There is the need for a total hygiene in the politics and leadership of Africa.

Elvis Effah sent this in from Ghana. He blogs at, you can reach him via

JOBVINE Global – Visa and Passport Requirements for Nigerian Citizens Wanting to Work Abroad


Working abroad has become a common practice among many qualified professionals in Nigeria, but things can often become problematic when travelling to a distant country. Especially once you realise that every country has different requirements when it comes to who they let through their borders.

Each country is different, and if you don’t have a passport for where you’re travelling to, you’ll often have to make use of a Visa. The only problem is figuring out the visa and passport requirements for each country, due to the fact that it’s quite troublesome and time-consuming. That is why JOBVINE has put together a map that makes this process as simple as possible in order to find various travel information, foreign embassies, and anything else you would like to know before you cross foreign borders.

Common reasons why Nigerian citizens are leaving the country: You may have just graduated and are now officially unemployed – or you may be looking to change jobs. It could also simply be the impact of the socio-economic issues of the country…

Well, according to the tradingeconomics, Youth Unemployment Rate in Nigeria averaged 17.51 percent from 2014 until 2016. It went from a record low of 11.70 percent in the fourth quarter of 2014, reaching an all time high of 24.00 percent in the second quarter of 2016. Furthermore, 54% of unemployed Nigerian citizens are younger than 35 years old.

There is no need to allow these undesired stats to demotivate you, since Nigerian citizens will now have easier access to the job market through JOBVINE Nigeria.

For those looking to work abroad, all your possible travel requirements have been broken down and put on a map, so that it’s simple and easy to find. That way, you can continue searching for your next overseas job while still planning your next trip abroad.


A Letter To My Future Wife: Is Gender Equality A Battle Between Males And Females?


It’s been long since I wrote to you. Many are those asking whether I have stopped writing letters to you. This drew my attention to the fact that you are not the only one who has been reading the letters I write to you despite the fact that I always tell you to keep the letters from your friends and course mates.I won’t blame you for making my letters go viral on social media. We are living in an era where letters that are written at night to our loved ones are being brought to the lime light at daytime as a result of rapid growth in technology.

I won’t blame you for making my letters go viral on social media. We are living in an era where letters that are written at night to our loved ones are being brought to the lime light at daytime as a result of rapid growth in technology.

Afia, I write in response to the question you asked a week ago. You asked whether the issue of gender equality is possible in our contemporary world. I will hit the nail right on the head and will be brief as possible. I could feel the pain in your voice when you referred to an incident at Marwako Restaurant where a Lebanese supervisor cruelly dipped the face of a Ghanaian staff Evelyn Boakye in pepper paste. As a matter of fact, it’s always disheartening to hear of such punishments meted out to some women.

Tragic in our permissive society is the amazing frequency and intensity with which some people disregard women. Women in the eye of many, are regarded as the weaker vessels.

Afia, my simple answer to your question is “yes! Gender equality is possible”. I have always held the view that creation would have been incomplete without women in society. Right from creation to our contemporary times, women have proven that they are beyond capable. You proved in the Garden of Eden beyond all reasonable doubt that you can rule and even control men if given the chance.

You demonstrated this by giving the man a fruit of which he could not reject. This is the reason why you do not need to be empowered because you are already powerful. But you should rather be made aware of this strength which you possess as a woman.

In all societies throughout the world, women have risen to occupy key positions to contribute to the development in all facets of life. Women have rubbed shoulders with their male counterparts as engineers, lawyers, ministers of state, teachers, nurses and the high position of the presidency.

The remarkable career success of women across the world is no news to the ordinary Ghanaian. During the period of Nigeria’s struggle for political independence, the positive role played by women like Mrs Flora Azikwe and Margaret Ekpo can never be lost from the memory of their admirers. The unforgettable role played by Yaa Asantewaa in the history of the Ashantis will forever remain fresh in memory. I dare say that her bravery and sheer display of patriotism dwarfed and eclipsed those of her male counterparts. These personalities may be abstract to you. Let me bring you home and cite my mother as an example.  She played the role of a father and a mother by single-handedly taking care of the family.

Afia, men will continue to be men for women to remain women. Don’t misunderstand me. I mean, under no circumstance should females be transformed into males. Our differences as males and females is the cause of our unity.  I hope you do not see me as a chauvinist in the eye of your mind.

To transform a female into a male or the vice versa is to oppose the natural order either by choice or by force. This is where gender equality has been misconstrued. Gender equality is therefore not about “sameness” in terms of sex but about equal access to job opportunities, educational institutions and many more without any segregation based on gender.

Afia, earlier in this letter, I indicated that “Yes! Gender equality is possible”. Every “yes” on planet earth comes with a responsibility. For this revolution to continue to see the light of the day, some negative acts should be eschewed.

Some women accept the juicy opportunity to be half naked or completely naked when they are featured in trending music video of their male counterparts. This act should be consigned into the museum of history. Infact it should be a thing of the past in this 21stcentury. The bitter truth every woman should know is that it is just a cynical ploy on the part of their male counterparts to sell their music to the public.

This act by some ladies will only make women be seen as mere sex objects who are always manipulated by their male counterparts for their personal gains. I believe in a collaborative work especially in this age where fame and money have become the order of the day. But there is always a problem when women have to strip naked in a music video. I see this act, not as creativity but an act to debase the dignity of womanhood.

You are your own woman. I, therefore believe that you will make informed choices anytime the need arises. To be featured in a music video is great and splendid but to be used as an object of sex in that same video should never be an option for any woman in this 21st century.

Afia, it is a truism that what men can do women can do better. Taking cognizance of this dictum, the 21st-century woman should also play lead-role in movies that for a long time have portrayed men as the only heroes and saviours of humanity in all life endeavours. Women should not always be made as the sole beneficiaries of all kind gestures in our movies. There can be movies where men could also be the chief beneficiaries of the good deeds of women. The industry can be rebranded to tell more stories of heroines rather than it always focusing on the bravery of their male counterparts.

Women in the 21st century should be bold to man the affairs of their respective communities and the nation as a whole. The primitive idea that some positions are for only men should be discarded into the dustbins of the Dark Ages.

Afia, I end this letter with the words of one of my finest and prolific writers of all time, the late Efo Kodjo Mawugbe.  In his award-winning book, In the Chest of a Woman, Nana Yaa retorted that “in the chest of a woman is not only the extension of breast and a feeble heart but a flaming desire to possess and use power”.

” Feminism is not about making women strong. Women are already strong. It’s all about changing the way the world perceives that strength”, so says G.D Anderson.

The writer Elvis Effah is a student of University of Cape Coast. He can be contacted via

How to Keep Your Business Going Despite Fuel Scarcity


fuel scarcity

Fuel Scarcity oh fuel scarcity, you are back again. This is what every Nigerian is thinking right now. Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu during a town hall meeting with Petroleum Products Pricing and Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) in Abuja on Tuesday said “Hopefully by today through Thursday, the fuel queues in Abuja should be over.

“Hopefully, the same thing will happen to Lagos and thereafter, by the weekend, we should see Kano, Katsina, Sokoto, Port Harcourt and Warri get off this state.”

Let’s add a week because in Nigeria, we know that our elected and un-elected representatives have all taken a course in Lying 101.

We can only hope and pray! Running a business in Nigeria especially during this period of fuel scarcity and low power supply is hard work.

From the subtle inflation of everything, from transport fare to raw materials, its either you adapt or survive. Even if Fuel Scarcity comes to an end, what about power supply? What is the assurance that in two months or three weeks, another bout of fuel scarcity will not occur?

This is the reason why as elegantly confident African women, we have to ensure that all the fuss doesn’t affect us, we have to keep our business going, come what may.

Here are 4 Tips on how to keep your business going despite fuel scarcity and low power supply.

Don’t Always Rely on Your Car or a Car

Not everyone enjoys the wahala of hustling for bus but in this current situation, let your car rest. No one wants to keep queuing and buying fuel every time especially when you have customers waiting for you. Just drop the car, utilise your leg and your fast skills, no one will castigate you.

Be Absolutely Mobile

Carry your phone charger, your torchlight, your power bank charger, every gadget and its chargers must always be with you. No this might sound ridiculous but in this current fuel scarcity situation, you don’t have a choice. Carry any extension box too in case there is no space.

Keep at least one Five Liter Keg in Your Business Environment

It is allowed because at any time, you can hear that X filling station nearby is selling fuel. So ensure that you must always have a petrol keg nearby. Another tip is to also be friends with one black market seller. Some situations, you can’t just help but purchase black market, just ensure it’s a reliable person that will not mix the product.

An Inverted is not so Bad

Get an inverter, an Inverter allows you to run your business for 24 hours nonstop. Now that we don’t know what the future holds, ‘powerfully’ for Nigeria, an inverter is your surest bet.


How to Find Your Dream Job in Nigeria


Welcome to the world of job hunting in Nigeria. This is the time when you need very good Make up because if your powder wears off easily, you should get a better brand.

It’s not like any elegantly confident woman likes walking around looking for a job but the stay confident, you have to find your dream job that fits into your career plans.

Trust me, it can be tough but it’s a process we all have to go through, except your family member owns a company that has an automatic position for you.

The first thing you need to know when finding your dream job is where you can find job vacancies. Today, people always think that job vacancies exist only on the internet, No!

Vacancies are advertised in many places. You can use the following resources to find jobs, checking them regularly for updates will take you one step closer to your dream job.

The resources include careers fairs, workshops, internet, newspapers, professional associations, recruitment agencies, sector-specific websites, social media, trade journals and online forums.

Now while searching through these resources, you will find different opportunities like graduate schemes, internships, Contract position, part-time position, etc.

Be proactive – some opportunities may not be advertised. That is why applying speculatively shows prospective employers your initiative.

Don’t neglect networking because many times, job vacancies are hidden, so failing to network leads to missed opportunities. Family, friends and colleagues should be your starting point, but you can build a broad network of useful contacts through careers fairs, open days and workshops.

Contacts can provide job leads, introduce you to employers with a job vacancy, and offer advice and information.

Simple conversations can lead to work experience and job opportunities, so don’t be afraid to approach people directly. Proactively contact prospective employers for openings before they reach job websites, pre-emptively tailoring your CV and cover letter. Keep in contact, perhaps even asking whether they can recommend you to anyone else if full-time work isn’t available. Referral increases your chances of being interviewed and getting a job.

Use Social Media: Students and graduates are increasingly being contacted by recruiters thanks to their social media presence, so use LinkedIn and Twitter to your advantage.

Use a consistent username and image. Join relevant LinkedIn groups to get involved in discussions, and keep adding contacts to grow your network. Employers can stumble on your anywhere.

Package your social media in such a way that prospective employers will definitely be wowed.


5 Factors to Consider When Searching for the Right Employee in Nigeria



Successful entrepreneurs started out on their own but as their business expanded, they realized that they needed to hire more hands to up the overwhelming responsibility.

You might be thinking, naaa, not me, I am superwoman, dear, there is nothing like super woman anywhere, even if it’s just one employee, at some point, you will definitely need an extra pair of hands.

Hiring the right employee is a huge step because businesses have failed as a result of bad hiring choice. The cost of finding, interviewing, engaging and training new employees is high but it is a sacrifice that must be made.

I am going to list 5 Factors to Consider When Hiring New Employees.

  1. Competence: Ensure that your new hire is competent. Does the potential employee possess the right skills, experiences and education to help you progress your business? Will the person be able to deliver with creativity and effectiveness? Does the person have potential for growth? There are the core questions you should ask yourself when hiring a new employee.
  2. Commitment: Commitment is a huge one. As an entrepreneur, you are not looking for someone who is only interested in using your business as a tool to the next big thing. You are not interested in hiring someone who is not going to be fully committed to your work. Hiring a committed employee is a money back guarantee because commitment is the driver of success.
  3. Character: Does the person have a good character, is he or she a team player, is he or she honest. Do they tell the truth and keep promises? Character determines how your employee will treat customers, so observe, ensure the new guy or gal possess good characters.
  4. Culture: Every business has a culture, the way people behave and interact with each other. For example, the way Fashion Designers relate with their customers is different from the way teachers relate with their students. Culture is the values, expectations, policies and procedures that influence the behavior of a leader and employees. Workers who don’t reflect the culture can be disruptive.
  5. Compensation: This is the most factor because employees who feel underpaid will surely not deliver. Ensure that your remuneration is respectable. When I say respectable, I mean respectable. Don’t offer a graduate N10,000 for a job an SSCE Holder can handle just because there are no jobs in the country. Remember that your employee will perform well only if they feel appreciated, so show some appreciation.


3 Fashion Items Every Job Seeker Must Possess




Sunglasses are very vital because with all the climate change going around, the Sun can be brutal these days and you don’t want the whole job seekers rat race to change your skin colour. It has been recommended that sunglasses should be worn to protect the eyes from ultraviolet radiation (UV) and blue light, which can cause several serious eye problems.


Wrist Watch

You can land a job by wearing a wrist watch. Today, only few people own a functional wrist watch because you can always pull out your phone to check the time. What sets you apart during the interview is your ability to glance at your wrist watch and keep track of the time. Constantly using your phone as timepieces is a dangerous pattern because interviewers might think you are a ‘phone addict’ if you keep pulling out your phone every five minutes.

Ballet Flats shoes 2


Flats, oh yes, in some buildings without elevators, you have to climb the stairs all the way to the third floor and heels won’t help you. Having flats in your bag will come in handy anytime because by the time you jump through all the different flight of stairs in heels, you are already exhausted and disheveled for the interview. With flats, you won’t be so tired and you can simply readjust yourself.


How to Pick Out the Best Candidate During a Job Interview

best candidate job interview

The fact that you own a small business doesn’t mean that at some point you won’t need to hire someone and build a team. When hiring there are certain things you need to pay attention to in order to select the best candidate because only the best candidate can help you achieve all your goals and objectives.

Here is a quick guide on how to pick the best candidate to join your team during a job interview.

Ask the Right Question

The right question is the one that generate genuine responses. Most applicants have already rehearsed their answers and no one wants to listen to robotic answers. This is why you have to ask popular interview questions in a different way. Answers will demonstrate their level of self-awareness and tell you if they can think on their feet.

Be Observant

When interviewing a prospective candidate, read between the lines. Their intonations and physical gestures will tell you a lot about who they are and what they propose to do. Remember that if you select the person, he or she will be the face of your brand, representing your brand everywhere, so ask yourself, is this the person I want or not?

Does the Person Fit into Your Business Culture

If you have a Make Up Business and you need extra hands, would you hire someone that doesn’t wear Make Up? As a business owner, do you have to work independently or team up with other businesses to perform your task? Are you running as it goes business or let’s get things done business. You have to hire the right person that fits into your business culture.

Attitude and Ability Matters

Attitude and ability is innate, it stays over time even if the person changes jobs frequently. Even the bible says anything worth doing is worth doing well, a person’s attitude to work will go a long way in their success in life. So hire candidates that even if things are not going smoothly, they will stick with you and help you grow your business. Not everything in life is about money.

3 Things Every Employee Should Learn from Olajumoke Orisaguna

olajmoke orisaguna employee

olajmoke orisaguna employee

Olajumoke Orisaguna’s story will never be forgotten. Decades from now, Nigerians will still talk about the bread seller that became a star. In one moment, her life was transformed and she became an overnight celebrity, the classic Nigerian dream.

As her story unfolds, there are 3 things every employee ought to learn from Olajumoke’s story.

Hard Work

She didn’t sleep in the comfort of her home that morning saying she wasn’t going to hawk bread. She woke up and despite the fact that she was feeling sleepy as usual, she balanced the plank on her head and she hit the road.

If you have ever observed bread hawkers, you will know their modus operandi. Early in the morning by 5 am, they are up, by 6 am, they will hit the road going from street from street advertising their bread.

After selling the bulk of the loafs for that day, they rest for a while then in the evening, they will pick up the unsold loafs and hit the streets again. This is the cycle every day and this is one of the amazing things every employee should learn from Olajumoke.


Resilience is the reason why even of the stress is out of this world, we do it anyway. Resilience is the reason why despite the traffic and the stress, we still wake up in the morning to head to work. Resilience is the reason why we are extraordinary women. Resilience is what we should all learn from Olajumoke Orisaguna.

Despite all the hardships that come with street hawking, she still finds the strength in her spirit to work hard to feed her family. This is the spirit every employee should inculcate, the spirit to always be resilient no matter what happens.


Loyalty is the key to succeeding in any endeavor. They say anything you find yourself doing is worth doing well. That means that the job you are doing no matter the circumstances you find yourself deserves the best of you. Olajumoke was just a bread seller and even after her overnight fame, she still acknowledged the Bakery she used to work for. That is what shows that one is a good employee, loyalty even after you have found greener pastures, always remain loyal.

Loyalty + Resilience + Hard work are the 3 Things Every Employee must learn from Olajumoke.






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